As old as the history of humanity, headache is the most common medical complaint and affects more than 80% of the population. One of the causes of headaches is eye-related problems. Patients complaining of headaches are often referred to an ophthalmologist by another doctor. Neuro-ophthalmology is the field of science which treats headaches associated with ocular diseases and deals with common disorders of the ocular and nervous system.
In order for an object to be seen, its image must first be perceived in the eye and then in the visual cortex located in the back of the brain. When there is a problem with the visual tracts, sudden or progressive losses of vision may occur. In diseases related to ocular movements, double vision is the main symptom and the problem can be about eye muscles, nerves or the brain’s control centers. Patients with such complaints as temporary vision loss or double vision, hallucination, drooping eyelids and difference in pupil size are also handled by neuro-ophthalmology. The patient’s history is crucial for accurate diagnosis of head-eye aches. Success of this treatment is possible through doctor-patient collaboration and continuous follow up.